Apollo 11 (AS 506)
Pilot of the command module:
Pilot of the lunar module:
Name of the command module: Columbia
Name of the lunar module: Eagle
One of the greatest adventures of mankind started on July
16th, 1969: The landing of people on the moon. Millions spectators have
approx. 1 come in Brevard Country to see the start of Apollo 11 with the
astronauts Niel Armstrong, Michael Collins Und Edwin Aldrin directly.
At 9.32 hours of American east time lifted the saturn V
of the ramp 39 ares on the dot. After the first and second cauterized degree
of the rocket the 3rd layer still two and a half minutes of long till the
onboard computers worked after reach for it switched the orbit off. Within
the following 2 hours and 20 minutes the board systems were checked and the
preparations made for the second ignition of the third degree. By this
ignition the spaceship is from its orbit shoved. It was then later another
24 minutes as far as: After one and a half earth circulations ignited the
jet engine, took Apollo 11 to escape velocity and put the exact course to
the moon. The maneuvers which were tested with Apollo 9 in the earth orbit
and with Apollo 10 in the course trajectory to the moon were carried out as
of 12.48 hours (3 hours and 16 minutes to the start):
Separation of the spaceship "Columbia" from the 3rd
degree in which the lunar module is.
Twist of the spaceship by 180 degrees at a distance of 30 meter.
Approach towards the third degree or lunar module "eagle".
Ankopplung of the lunar module.
After Collins had put the creeping tunnel between the two vehicles with air
under pressure and took some board systems of the lunar module into
operation, it drew these with the help of the tax nozzles out of the third
degree at 13.42 hours. An evasive action was carried out with the third
degree 30 minutes later by igniting the jet engine of the supply modulus for
approx. 3 seconds. The spaceship was then moved in a twist around the
longitudinal axis to prevent a one-sided heating by the sun. The astronauts
were allowed to have a sleep break 13 hours and 30 minutes to the start. So
they prepared for the night's rest and fell asleep half an hour later.
On the second day at 10.30 hours (25 hours after the
start) Apollo 11 had put the half of the way (192000 km) back. At 12.17
hours (26 hours and 45 minutes to the start), a course correction was
carried out and but so exactly that the two next corrections could be
dropped. After a check of the board systems and some navigation measuring
one of several became sent television broadcast in the evening hours. The
spaceship had covered a distance of 230000 km when another sleep period
started for the astronauts at 22.32 hours.
The distance amounted for 788 km to the moon only at
13.10 hours two days later on Saturday to July 19th, 1969. Armstrong and
Aldrin still had changed over into the lunar module on day before to check
the systems and instruments. It is 13.13 hours (75 hours and 41 minutes to
the start) when Apollo 11 disappears behind the moon and the radio signals
fail to appear. The combination lunar module nut ship flies backward now
when the main jet engine is ignited for a first Abbremsung at 13.20 hours.
Apollo 11 is in an elliptical trajectory now. To reach an almost perfectly
circular orbit the jet engine becomes a second ignited. According to this
successful maneuver Apollo 11 flies at an altitude of 90 to 121 km over the
moon surface now.
It is July 20th, 1969, the day of the landing on the moon.
Edwin Aldrin and Niel Armstrong change over into the lunar module at 8.52
hours (95 hours and 20 minutes to the start). Navigation and communication
systems, air supplies and air conditioner are checked. The country legs are
delivered four hours later. The separation of the lunar module from the
Kommadokapsel is then carried out at 13.45 hours. The spacecrafts slowly
leave each other.
The way down maneuver of the lunar module starts at 15.08 hours (101 hours
and 36 minutes to the start). The jet engine points in direction of flight
now and is ignited for approx. 30 seconds. Through this the ferry is slid
into an elliptical trajectory and always more approaches the moon surface.
Both maneuvers, the separation and the way down take place behind the moon.
There are difficulties with the speaking connection at 16.00 hours. It is
recommended to swing the ferry by 10 degrees to the right. The second
ignition is carried out for the way down five minutes later. A radar is
switched on at the same time with whose help the lunar module shall land
automatically. After 3 minutes and 39 seconds burning time the altitude
amounts to 14 km to the moon surface. The place to land is located 231 km
away still. The altitude is 8230 m now a little later -- the computer
arouses the alarm reports no. 1201 and 1202. The computer is overtaxed.
Housten nevertheless confirms that the reports can be ignored. The altitude
at 2300 m is 8 minutes and 26 seconds after the ignition and the country
place calculated by the computer is visible to the erstenmal. There himself
is there but one great crater, Armstrong must correct the flight situation
by hand and the computer calculate a new country job. Because of the alarm
reports, however, the calculations are delayed. The lunar module goes down
further. The country place is approx. 600 m away at 150 m of altitude. The
landing maneuver threatens to get problematic. Fuel reserves at the disposal
are still entitled to him for 85 seconds. Up to the complete emptying of the
tank it still lasts approx. 114 seconds. Since this one would lead into the
rugged crater from the computer determined value for a landing, Armstrong
must be on the lookout to a better country place. The fuel stock gets scarce.
It intrudes on the semiautomatic control and flies with a higher speed than
planned over the crater. Flight control transmits first fuel warnings. The
pulse of Armstrong increases on 156 blows per minute. After the lunar module
has left the crater behind, Aldrin reads the altitude and the sinking speed
from the instruments. Signalling lamps which show the contact of the feeling
probes with the ground come on at 1.70 m. The jet engine is switched off two
seconds later. Another second later beaches the ferry and Armstrong
transmits the message for flight control:
("Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed")
It is 16.17 hours 102 hours and 45 minutes to the start.
It isn't sure yet whether the two astronauts may stay. As near the technical
check of the equipment is carried out. The message is carried out from
Housten one and a half hours later: You can remain, the excursion on the
moon is approved and to be more precise four hours in the past as planned.
Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin lay out their spacesuits at 19.43 hours.
This process lasts for two hours 40 minutes lasting than planned. The oxygen
supply is carried out from the knapsack on the back of the astronauts now.
After all equipment is checked again, a valve is opened and the atmosphere
escapes the lunar module in the inner one to outside. Neil Armstrong opens
the hatch of the ferry at 22.39 hours. It creeps carefully Kniend and with
the feet first, onto the balcony of the lunar module. Aldrin takes care that
Armstrong doesn't drink with his knapsack. The way down then starts at the
ladder. It presses a rope which has a Fernsehkammera delivered, arrived on
the second degree. At first the picture stands on the head, however, one
sees some seconds suiting Armstrong correctly around in the inner of the
country plate later. He hasn't touched the moon floor with his feet yet. "I
am at the foot of the conductors now", he says. "The foot plates are only 3
-5 centimeters sunk in. The surface seems fine-grained like powder, looked
from the proximity. I am climbing off the country modulus now."
is 22.56 hours and 109 hours 20 minutes to the start. Neil Armstrong enters
the moon with the left foot as the first person and addresses the best known
sentence to the world well in the space history:
("That is one small step for a man, one giant leap for
At first he still holds himself tight at the ladder to
find out whether he can keep his equilibrium. He says: "The surface is fine
and powdery. I can lift it with the shoe top, it sticks in several layers of
my boots." After he has got safer, he ventures his first jumps. He takes
first pictures with a camera and gathers dust and rock tests with the help
of a shovel which he deposits in a container.
After Armstrong has left the lunar module, Aldrin creeps by the hatch of the
lunar module on the conductors 15 minutes at 23.11 hours. When it arrives
below, holds on to her tightly and jumps back on the first degree again. It
then enters the moon as a second person. Armstrong and Aldrin then inspect
the lunar module and notice that the jet engine hasn't left any traces.You
reveal a plaque which is in a country leg of the ferry. It carries the
following text besides the signatures of the three astronauts as well as the
signature of the president Richard Nixon:
"Here people of the planet earth first steped on the moon, A. D., July 1969
We came in peace for all mankind.
Experiments Armstrong puts the Fernsehkammera on a tripod
after this and she turns towards the lunar module after some panorama photos,
where wind Composition experiment then reconciles the astronauts in her
immediate proximity (solar)
go through and the American flag build.
of people can then in which the "Kängeruh step" proves to be the best method
see as Aldrin comes toward the camera again and again and tries out
different translation variants.
Flight control asks the two astronauts in front of the
camera at 23.47 hours. A speaking contact with the president was made in the
meantime. Armstrong and Aldrin go and stand next to the American flag and
hear the voice of Richard Nixon. Among other things he says:
"Hello Neil and Buzz! I speak to you in the white House from my office. This
is probably the most important telephone call which was ever led. I don't
find this one words to tell you how proud we are on this which you have done.
I am sure that you recognize together with us Americans which great
performance this is." With a busy voice Armstrong answered: "Thank Mr.
president. It is a great honor for us as representatives not for the people
only of the United States of being here but also for the peace full people
of all nations."